The Sahara Desert, Arabic for ‘The Great Desert’, is the World’s largest hot desert, at 3.6 million square miles it practically engulfs North Africa. It has one of the harshest environments on the planet and covers large sections of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.
The highest peak in the Sahara Desert Morocco is the volcano Emi Koussi, standing at 3,415 meters in the Tibesti Mountains in northern Chad. The desert’s other mountains and mountain ranges include the Aïr Mountains, Hoggar Mountains, Saharan Atlas, Tibesti Mountains, Adrar des Iforas and the Red Sea hills.
Most people imagine the Sahara Desert as a vast, sandy landscape, dotted with sand dunes. Granted, the desert does have its share of dunes knows as ergs, (large areas of shifting dunes which may travel several yards in a year) with some of some of them reaching up to 180 meters! However, most of the Sahara is characterized as rocky hamada, a type of desert landscape that has very little sand and is made up of primarily gravel plains. It is estimated the Sahara is actually only 30% sand and 70% gravel! You will experience all of this and more during our fantastic Sahara treks.
It is also thought that the climate of the Sahara is hot all year round, but this is not the case. Between December and February temperatures plunge due to lack of humidity and it has even been known for snow to be seen on the top of sand dunes! However, the Sahara did reach a record in 1993 when the temperature hit 136 degrees! The Sahara has various climatic conditions, dependent on where you are.